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Analysis of structure and diversity of the Kilengwe forest in the Morogoro region, Tanzania

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dc.contributor.author Kacholi, David Sylvester
dc.date.accessioned 2014-10-03T22:48:17Z
dc.date.available 2014-10-03T22:48:17Z
dc.date.issued 2014-01-23
dc.identifier.citation Kacholi, D. S. (2014). Analysis of structure and diversity of the Kilengwe forest in the Morogoro region, Tanzania. International Journal of Biodiversity, Article ID 516840. en_GB
dc.identifier.other http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/516840
dc.identifier.uri http://www.taccire.sua.ac.tz/handle/123456789/294
dc.description The document is also available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/516840 en_GB
dc.description.abstract This study investigates the structure, species composition, and diversity of a section of the Kilengwe Forest in Tanzania. In order to accomplish the proposed objectives, 18 plots of 20m× 20mwere randomly established in the forest and the number of tree species in each plot was identified and counted. The most important families and species were determined using importance value indices at the respective taxonomic levels. Diversity was measured using the Shannon-Wiener and Fisher alpha diversity indices. A total of 276 stems/ha representing 93 species/ha within 26 families were documented from 0.72 ha. Fabaceae and Julbernadia globiflora were the dominant family and species, respectively. Seventy-eight percent of the total species were rare.The average basal area of the forest was 7.1m2/ha. The Shannon-Wiener index (4.02) and Fisher’s alpha diversity (35.5) indicated high species diversity within the forest. The species-area and species-abundance curves revealed an escalating trend implying that more sampling efforts could result in a higher number of species existing in the forest. The size class distribution displayed a reverse J-shaped pattern; however, the larger size classes DBH >50 cm were not represented.The study suggests the necessity for anthropogenic disturbance control as this is the major source of forest degradation in the studied area. en_GB
dc.description.sponsorship Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst (DAAD) en_GB
dc.language.iso en en_GB
dc.publisher Hindawi Publishing Corporation en_GB
dc.subject Species composition en_GB
dc.subject Diversity en_GB
dc.subject Morogoro en_GB
dc.subject Kilengwe forest en_GB
dc.subject Tanzania en_GB
dc.title Analysis of structure and diversity of the Kilengwe forest in the Morogoro region, Tanzania en_GB
dc.type Article en_GB

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